A useful tool from Harvard’s Growth Lab:
The United States of America is a high-income country, ranking as the 5th richest economy per capita out of 133 studied. Its 332 million inhabitants have a GDP per capita of $70,219 ($70,219 PPP; 2021). GDP per capita growth has averaged 1.5% over the past five years, above regional averages.
The USA ranks as the 14th most complex country in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) ranking. Compared to a decade prior, the USA’s economy has become less complex, worsening 2 positions in the ECI ranking. The USA’s worsening complexity has been driven by a lack of diversification of exports. Moving forward, the USA is positioned to take advantage of many opportunities to diversify its production using its existing knowhow.
The USA is as complex as expected for its income level. The economy is projected to grow slowly. The Growth Lab’s 2031 Growth Projections foresee growth in the USA of 2.5% annually over the coming decade, ranking in the bottom half of countries globally.