Howard Zinn in the Utne Reader:
I was recently invited to participate in a symposium on the Boston Massacre. I said I would speak, but only if I could also speak about other massacres in American history.
The Boston Massacre, which took place on March 5, 1770, when British troops killed five colonists, is a much-remembered–indeed, overremembered–event. Even the word massacre is a bit of an exaggeration; Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary says the word denotes “wholesale slaughter.”
Still, there is no denying the ugliness of a militia firing into a crowd, using as its rationale the traditional claim of trigger-happy police–that the crowd was “unruly” (as it undoubtedly was). John Adams, who was a defense lawyer for the nine accused British soldiers and secured acquittals for seven of them, described the crowd as “a motley rabble of saucy boys, Negroes and mulattos, Irish teagues, and outlandish jack tarrs.”
Adams could hardly have expressed more clearly the fact that the race and class of the victims made their lives less precious. This was one of many instances in which the Founding Fathers registered their desire to keep revolutionary fervor under the control of the more prosperous classes.
Ten thousand Bostonians (out of a total population of 16,000) marched in the funeral procession for the massacre victims. And the British, hoping not to provoke more anger, pulled their troops out of Boston. Undoubtedly, the incident helped build sentiment for independence.
Still, I wanted to discuss other massacres because concentrating attention on the Boston Massacre would be a painless exercise in patriotic fervor.