Does the Moon have a tidal effect on the atmosphere as well as the oceans?

Rashid Akmaev in Scientific American:

0002b8db708c14d2b08c83414b7f0000_1The short answer is yes, and at various times this question of lunar tides in the atmosphere occupied such famous scientists as Isaac Newton and Pierre-Simon Laplace, among others. Newton’s theory of gravity provided the first correct explanation of ocean tides and their long known correlation with the phases of the moon. Roughly a century later it was also used to predict the existence of atmospheric tides when Laplace developed a quantitative theory based on a tidal equation now bearing his name. Laplace’s equation describes the motions of an ocean of uniform depth covering a spherical Earth [see illustration].

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