by Jerry Cayford
The rigged rules that govern our economy are being rewritten right now. And the fight is fierce. “The most powerful agency you’ve never heard of” (as the media calls the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs) is revising its main guidance telling federal agencies how to structure regulations. That is, OIRA is rewriting the rules that federal agencies must follow in writing their own rules that govern the industries they regulate.
What makes this rulemaking earthshaking is that the people doing it are trying to unrig decades of rigged rules, and getting pushback from powerful players. The magnitude of the stakes can be seen in the public comments on OIRA’s revision of its guidance, Circular A-4. It’s complicated, obviously, but there is one point on which everything else turns—OIRA’s most controversial and consequential proposal. I am going to explain that central point.
Here is a thumbnail. Agencies are required to use Cost–Benefit Analysis (CBA) to justify their regulations as increasing overall social welfare. A huge contributor to the rigged rules in our society is that this formally mandated Cost–Benefit Analysis has a logical fallacy at its core that systematically favors the wealthy: it defines social welfare as increased by more total wealth (productivity), regardless of who gets the money. This definition of welfare forces federal agencies to design their regulations to maximize wealth, which inevitably favors those who already have it, for many reasons that I throw together under the adage “It takes money to make money.” Think of wealth production as an industry with economies of scale and barriers to entry.
The new proposal changes the rules. It tweaks CBA to weight the dollars a policy generates according to who gets them (and who pays them), instead of just counting the total. It is not a new idea, but it is a radical one, and the hornets’ nest is buzzing. Read more »